In this episode, we learn how to choose between the auxiliary verb “essere” and the auxiliary verb “avere” when using the “passato prossimo”. The “passato prossimo” is the most used type of past tense in Italian.

Two Main Takeaways

  • The auxiliary verb “avere” is used with transitive verbs. Transitive verbs are those that can take a direct object.
  • The auxiliary verb “essere” is used with intransitive verbs. Intransitive verbs are those that can’t take a direct object, like most verbs of movement.

Three Action Steps

  • Listen to the Italian lesson with the player above, on Apple Podcasts, or on Spotify.
  • Download this episode’s printable guide. You can find it here.
  • Take the instant-score quiz below to test your understanding of the lesson.

Links Mentioned and Other Resources

  • CLICK HERE to listen to episode #33: Reflexive Verbs in Italian.
  • CLICK HERE to listen to episode #52: Modal Verbs in Italian.
  • CLICK HERE to get the Irregular Past Participles Learning Map, a guide summarizing the most common irregular past participles in Italian.

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